National Organic Program Publishes Amendments to the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances (Crops and Processing)
AMS No. 239-10
Soo Kim (202) 720-7476
Dec. 13, 2010—The National Organic Program (NOP) today published a
final rule amending the National List of Allowed and Prohibited
Substances for crops and processing.
rule, effective tomorrow December 14, 2010, enacts six recommendations
submitted to the Secretary of Agriculture by the National Organic
Standards Board (NOSB) from November 30, 2007, and May 22, 2008:
Adds aqueous potassium silicate, along with any restrictive
annotations, for use as an insecticide and for plant disease control in
organic crop production. Potassium silicate is manufactured by fusing
naturally occurring compounds (silica sand and potassium carbonate) and
can be used for agricultural crops, nuts, fruits, vines, turf and
ornamentals. The substance can reduce crop damage from mites, whiteflies
and other insects, powdery mildew, botrytis, and root diseases.
Adds sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate, along with any restrictive
annotations, for use as an algaecide in organic crop production. Sodium
carbonate peroxyhydrate is manufactured via a dry, wet or spray process
from sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide. Sodium carbonate
peroxyhydrate can be used in aquaculture, rice/wild rice fields and
paddies, and commercial greenhouses, nurseries and garden centers.
Adds gellan gum, along with any restrictive annotations, as a
nonsynthetic allowed for use in organic handling. Gellan gum functions
as a thickening agent to produce texture in a range of products such as
bakery fillings, puddings, and sauces. It is a water soluble, off-white
powder that forms gels in the presence of positively charged ions, and
its thickness can be manipulated for specific functions by the addition
of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and/or sodium salts.
Adds fortified cooking wine – Marsala, and cooking wine – sherry, along
with any restrictive annotations, for use in organic handling as a
nonorganic agricultural ingredient only when not commercially available
in organic form. Both fortified cooking wines are ingredients that
impart a unique flavor to a variety of foods such as soups and entrees.
Marsala is produced by adding yeast to the juice of crushed and press
grapes. Sherry is produced by adding spirits after fermentation. Both
wines become non-beverage, cooking wines with the addition of salt.
Adds tragacanth gum, along with any restrictive annotations, for use in
organic handling as a nonorganic agricultural ingredient only when not
commercially available in organic form. Tragacanth gum provides texture,
viscosity, and emulsion stability in foods such as salad dressings and
sauces. It is harvested from the stems and branches of Astragalus
gummifer Labillardiere and other Asiatic species of Astragalus (Fam.
Leguminosae) in the desert and arid areas of the Middle East. The dried
gum is cleaned, mechanically cut, dissolved in water and filtered before
it is used in food processing.
rule also removes glycerine oleate (glycerol monooleate) as a synthetic
inert ingredient allowed in organic crop production since its exemption
to be used expired on Dec. 31, 2006. Removal of this substance does not
have a new regulatory effect.
National List identifies synthetic substances that may be used (7 CFR
205.601 and 205.603) and nonsynthetic (natural) substances that may not
be used (§§205.602 and 205.604) in organic production. It also specifies
nonagricultural (nonorganic) substances that may be used in processed
organic products (§205.605) and nonorganically produced agricultural
products that may be used in processed organic products (§205.606).
Since established, the National List has been amended thirteen times.
NOSB evaluates substances petitioned for inclusion or deletion from the
National List through the petition process implemented under §205.607
of the NOP regulations. The Secretary can amend the National List based
on recommendations by the NOSB under the authority of the Organic Foods
Production Act of 1990.